ALLELOPATHY The excretion by some plants of compounds from their leaves and/or roots that inhibit the growth of other plants.
APOSEMATIC The characteristic, such as a color, odor or other markings, some insects have to serve as a warning to predators that it's toxic and they should stay away. Red, yellow, black and white are the most common colors.
CANDELABRUM A strong dominate rose cane with accelerated growth that originates from a bud union and explodes with many blooms.
DENTATE Having a toothlike or serrated edge that projects outward, such as a dentate leaf or root. French lavender (Lavandula dentata) and ligularia (Ligularia dentata) have dentate leaves.
ENTOMOPHILY When plants are pollinated by insects, that process is called entomophily. Both insects and plants benefit from pollination,. As they travel from flower to flower, insects gather nectar as a food source, at the same time spreading pollen to other flowers, which aids in plant reproduction.
EPINASTY An abnormal downward-curving growth or movement of a leaf, leaf part, or stem.
ETIOLATION Development of yellow, long, spindly growth on a plant as a result of insufficient light.
|Fasciation of a Rose|
GLAUCOUS Covered with a grayish, bluish, or whitish waxy coating that is easily rubbed off. Blue spruce needles are an example of glaucous leaves.
HAUSTORIUM A modified hyphal branch (a single fungus filament ) of a parasitic plant. Grows into a host plant's cell to absorb food and water. Writer's note--not all of nature is warm and fuzzy!
INDEHISCENT Not bursting open at maturity to release seed. Green beans, grapes are examples.
PEDUNCLE The main stem supporting a cluster of flowers (as opposed to a pedicel, which is the stem of an individual flower).
PLEACH To intertwine branches of trees, vines, or shrubs to form an arbor or hedge.
REMONTANT A plant that has the ability to produce flowers more than once in a growing season . It is common for modern roses (Rosa hybrids) to bloom from spring through fall. In other plants such as hydrangeas (Hydrangea spp) and bearded iris (Iris hybrids) it is less common but much coveted.
Be sure to listen to the Gardening: Get Good at It "Garden All Year: Build a Cloche" segment on Tues Sept. 21 on KPOV 88.9 FM between 9-9:30 a.m.